Travel portal and city tours of Berlin
Berlin from A to Z - Guided tours of Berlin in English with your personal tour guide
KanzleramtRed town hall television tower

The top sightseeing in Berlin

Here we present some of Berlin's most famous monuments. You will find interesting facts about their history and practical information for visitors. So you can decide what you want to see during your visit. Or simply contact our Guide On site to make an appointment for your personal city tour with all the most important sights in Berlin.

Reichstag Television tower Brandenburg Gate Nikolai Quarter Berlin Wall Karl Friedrichs SCHINKEL Armoury (DHM) Memorial Church Gendarmenmarkt Hackesche Höfe Alexanderplatz - Karl Marx Allee Berlin Cathedral Potsdamer Platz Charlottenburg Palace Check Point Charlie Topography of Terror Museums Island Palace (Humboldt Forum) Government Quarter Prenzlauer Berg New Guardhouse Victory Column Kreuzberg & Neuköln

Brandenburg Gate

Brandenburg Gate

It is the last existing gate of a wall that surrounded Berlin until 1860 serving various purposes: soldiers were prevented from desertion, citizens were controlled and taxes charged. The square in front of the gate, Pariser Platz, was designed in 1730, the gate itself dates from 1789. It is the first example of Neo-Classical style in Berlin, based on the Propylaea gateway of the Athens Acropolis. Originally, the Quadriga statue and the bas-reliefs, depicting figures from Greek mythology, were meant as symbols of peace, following victory. Reality took on a different course and since French troops entered Berlin in 1806 it became more associated to war and nationalism. The Gate’s history as a “triumphal arch” culminated in the parades of the Nazis and the entire destruction of its surroundings during and after WWII. Later, the Brandenburg Gate was a symbol for the division of Germany, with the Wall running behind it since 1961.

Today, it is wonderfully refurbished, standing for the rebirth of the city after German reunification. There is a reconstructed “guard room” at each side of the gate: In the Northern one, visitors are asked to keep silence - it is a public meditation space open to all religions. The tourist information office is in the Southern guard house.

Berlin Guide

Tipps & Tricks :
• The Berlin Tourist Office is located in the south building
• Several thematic guided tours begin at Brandenburg Gate - more information on our page : Guided Tours in Berlin
• Enjoy coffee and cake at the legendary Hotel Adlon.
The Museum "The Gate" on Pariser Platz presents the history of the Brandenburg Gate in a moving way. Open on Weekend 10am to 8pm.

Address : Pariser Platz, 10117 Berlin

Jean-Pierre Andreae Guide

City Tour :

Order the guided tour "THE HISTORICAL BERLIN" A walk tour through 775 years of the city's history from Alexanderplatz to the Brandenburg Gate. - Information & Booking

Charlottenburg Palace

Charlottenburg Palace

Most of the historic monuments of Prussian history lie in the city centre which formerly belonged to East Berlin. The palace of Charlottenburg is the finest exception. It may seem difficult to imagine that the city of Berlin did not reach yonder the Brandenburg Gate until the beginning of the 20th century.

Charlottenburg was an independent and wealthy town, owing its origin to the construction of a summer residence for the elector Frederick III around the year 1700. After he had become king (Frederick I) the structure was amplified and, in 1705, it was given the name of his late wife Sophie-Charlotte. The ensemble was extended under his successors, Frederick the Great (II) in particular. It was seriously damaged by bombings in 1943 and almost pulled down after the end of the war. Luckily, reconstruction was agreed and nowadays we can tell it was worthwhile.

You should take your time for a visit of the palace and the gardens, kept partly in French Baroque, partly in English style. Have a look at the chambers of Frederick I and Queen Sophie Charlotte and the Knobelsdorff wing where Frederick II used to lodge.

Berlin Guide

Opening hours :
• "Old Palace" From Tuesday to Sunday 10am-5pm
• "New wing" From Wednesday to Monday 10am-5pm

Tips & Tricks : Visit also the "new pavilion" of Karl Friedrich Schinkel with the pictures of David Caspar Friedrich!

Address : Spandauer Damm 10am-22, 14059 Berlin

Web : www.spsg.de - From 12 € / reduced 8 €

Holiday in Berlin

sightseeing tour :

Jean-Pierre Andreae will be happy to organise an individual sightseeing tour for you from your hotel. - Information & Booking

Reichstag - Bundestag

Reichstag Bundestag Berlin

The Reichstag was built between 1884 and 1894 by German architect Paul Wallot in Neo-Renaissance style. Today, the “Bundestag”, i.e. the parliament of the Federal Republic of Germany is housed here. The name of Reichstag recalls the times when Germany was still an empire (Reich) made up of several member states whose coats of arms can be seen at the Western entrance. During its construction it was heavily criticised, especially by Kaiser William II. himself who feared the dimensions of the building might surpass those of his palace. From 1895 until 1933, under the reign of the last German emperor and during the short-lived democracy of the Weimar Republic, the Reichstag served as seat of parliament. In early 1933, however, the assembly hall was damaged by a fire. Shortly afterwards, the Nazi came to power. At the end of WW II, the Reichstag became a battlefield and the red flag was hoisted there on April 30, 1945. Since 1999, the entirely refitted building, completed by the dome designed by Sir Norman Foster, is once more the official seat of the German Parliament. It is visited by more than 3 million people every year.

The Reichstag dome can be visited daily from 8 am to 12 pm (last admission 10 pm), admission free. Aadvance registration required.

Information for visitors who have not booked in advance
IIf you would like to visit the dome but have not booked in advance, you can register to do so at the service centre run by the Visitors’ Service near the Reichstag Building, next to the Berlin Pavilion on the south side of Scheidemannstraße. If any free places are still available, you will be issued a booking confirmation entitling you to visit the dome; please note that this must be issued a minimum of two hours before the time of your visit. You can also register to visit the dome in the following two days. The service centre does not accept bookings for visits more than two days in advance.

If you would like to visit the dome but have not booked in advance, you can register to do so at the service centre run by the Visitors’ Service near the Reichstag Building, next to the Berlin Pavilion on the south side of Scheidemannstraße. If any free places are still available, you will be issued a booking confirmation entitling you to visit the dome; please note that this must be issued a minimum of two hours before the time of your visit. You can also register to visit the dome in the following two days. The service centre does not accept bookings for visits more than two days in advance.
To book your visit to the dome, you will need to provide the following information: your last name, first name and date of birth. The booking confirmation is issued to you personally and is non-transferable. You will be asked for proof of identity both upon registration and at the main entrance for visitors.
The service centre is open from 8am to 8pm daily.

Berlin Guide

Opening hours :
• A visit to the Reichstag and its dome is free from 8am to midnight (last admission at 10pm).

Booking :
www.bundestag.de - The visitor service counter is open from 8am to 8pm (6pm November-March), but it is without guarantee - better you book 3 weeks in advance online.

Restaurant:
• Practical (confirmation) especially if you are travelling with a group, reserve a table in the Käfer for breakfast (from 9am), lunch, for a "coffee/cake" at 3-4pm or a romantic dinner (from 7pm). www.feinkost-kaefer.de

Without dome :
• Cleaning the dome (access only to the roof) 2019: 25.02-01.03 + 15-19.07 + 16-20.09 + 7-11.10.2019 - and on 24 December

Address : Platz der Republik 1, 11011 Berlin

Telefon : +49 (0)30 22 62 990 (Restaurant Käfer)

Holocaust Memorial

City guided Tour :

"THE CENTRAL CORRIDORS OF POWER IN THE BERLIN REPUBLIC" ilhelmstrasse via the ‘Band des Bundes’ government strip to the Reichstag building. The government district from its beginnings in the middle of the 19th century to the era of German division and on to the present day. A potted history of around 150 years of Prussia and Germany – past and present. - Information &Booking

Berlin Cathedral

Berlin Cathedral

William II, always eager to compete with his British relatives, wanted a more magnificent Protestant cathedral worthy of an imperial capital, just opposite his palace. So the former one, built in 1822 by Schinkel, was demolished and the pompous “Dom” took its place - an impressive fusion of religion and worldly power. The structure, designed by Julius Raschdorff in Eclecticist style and erected from 1894 to 1905, comprised a central nave and two chapels, one for weddings and christenings on the South side and a funeral chapel to the North that was not reconstructed after its destruction in WW II. Meanwhilie, no trace is left of he Hohenzollern palace, but the church is was reconstructed in socialist times, although the funds came from the Protestant Church in Western Germany, as the building was considered a common heritage.

Behind the cathedral there is the GDR museum, piers for one-hour boat trips. And behind the Radisson Hotel is Sea Life with its huge aquariums, the largest of which is in the hotel's reception area. On our pages "Our tips for Berlin" you will find good advice.

Berlin Guide

Opening hours :
• Monday to Saturday 9am-8pm - Sunday 12am-8pm (Dome 9am-8pm).
• October to March: Closed at 7pm - Dome 5pm - Last entry one hour before closing time.

Tips & Tricks :
• Devotion : Monday to Saturday at 12pm and Monday to Friday um 6pm: Free entrance (through the main portal) and the possibility to listen to the organ. Without access to the dome and crypt.

Prices : 7 € / reduced 5 €

Address : Am Lustgarten, 10178 Berlin

Jean-Pierre Andreae Guide City Tour :
Order the guided tour "THE HISTORICAL BERLIN" A walk tour through 775 years of the city's history from Alexanderplatz to the Brandenburg Gate. - Information & Booking

Berlin Wall

Berlin Wall

The Wall as the main tourist attraction of Berlin? The memory of the Wall will always remain connected to this city, where a large part of the German history of the 20th century took place. More than 30 years after the Wall came down, most Berlin visitors still want to see it - an opportunity to ask how it came about that a Wall was built on August 13, 1961. In the 28 years of its existence, the inner-city border claimed 139 victims - people who lost their lives in escape attempts. The Wall sealed the division between West and East: the Checkpoint Charlie border crossing and the symbolically bricked Brandenburg Gate were the "scenes" of the Cold War.


There are different places where you can get an idea of how the Wall looked like :
- The remains near Potsdamer Platz, on the site of the exhibition "Topography of Terror"
- East Side Gallery, the longest surviving section of the Wall transformed into an open air gallery (U and S-station “Warschauer Straße”).
- Bernauer Straße, with its documentation centre and watchtower, the former “wall strip”, rests of the Wall and the Wall Memorial (S-station Nordbahnhof).

Berlin Guide

Opening hours (Bernauer Str.) :
• Center : Tuesday to Sunday from 10am to 6pm
• Exterior area : Daily from 8am bis 10pm.
Prices :
• Free entrance for all
Address :
• Bernauer Straße 111 - 13555 Berlin
  Web
• Visit also the district Prenzlauer Berg

Berlin wall City Tour :
Jean-Pierre Andreae offers you a city tour through different emblematic places of Berlin's division history. - Informationen & Buchung

Scheunenviertel & Hackesche Höfe

Hackescher Markt

The new quarters of town, planned and built in the Baroque era as described above, became home to wealthy families and immigrants favoured by special laws. The poorer people settled outside the walls in sometimes slum-like suburbs like Spandauer Vorstadt. What is nowadays one of the most popular quarters of Berlin used to be the home to workers and petty bourgeoisie where poverty and crime were a common sight until well-advanced the 20th century.

In 1904, a proprietor had the idea of creating a complex of apartments, offices and cultural institutions within a structure of an entire block. The buildings were connected by several courtyards, the first of which was splendidly decorated with tiles in Art Nouveau style by the architect Alfred Endell. Shortly after the wall had come down, this jewel was rediscovered and completely refurbished, reviving the original mix of living and working, entertainment and restaurants.

More courtyards are to be found in the surrounding streets, each with its own charm and style. In this area, there are also several historic Jewish sites as well as present-day Jewish institutions.

Berlin Guide

Restaurant :
Restaurant Oxymoron - The favourite restaurant of LatLon - www.oxymoron-berlin.de - Hackesche Höfe (Courtyard 1) - Rosenthaler Str. 40
Bakery Balzer - One of the best bakeries in Berlin - Berliner/doughnut - Web - Sophienstr. 31, 10178 Berlin
Uhrmacher ASKANIA made in Berlin - Watch manufactory Askania - Hackesche Höfe (Courtyard 1) - Rosenthaler Str. 40
Chocolatier Sawade - www.sawade.berlin - Hackesche Höfe (Courtyard 2)- Rosenthaler Str. 40

Museum :
Blind workshop Otto Weidt - Jewish history of the quarter and about the righteous Otto Weidt - museum-blindenwerkstatt.de - Free entrance

Schwarzenberg City Tours :
We offer two guided tours through the district Scheunenviertel :
With its past, especially its Jewish history in this quarter.
"Street art / Arts in public areas" A tour of all aspects of street art
Information & booking of your guided tour

Check Point Charlie

Berliner Dom

Checkpoint Charlie is a relict of the divided city and the times of the Wall. Here, at one of the few passes of the inner-city border, American and the Russian tanks stood aligned facing each other in October 1961. The border checkpoint has disappeared, but there is museum to keep alive the memory of the people who tried to leave Eastern Germany after the Wall had been drawn up, those who succeeded and the ones who lost their lives in the intent. The exhibition shows all kind of objects from Cold War times and illustrates the many inventive ways how people managed to escape. Another part of the museum is dedicated to pacifism and the fundamental rights.

Berlin Guide

Museums/Culture :
BlackBox Cold War: Daily from 10am to 6pm - Entrance : 5 €
Panorama Asisi "The Wall" - Daily from 10am to 6pm - Entrance : 10 €
Wall Museum - Daily from 9am to 10 pm - Entrance : 14,50 €

Tips & Tricks :
Besuchen Sie The official information centre on the Berlin Wall in the historic Bernauer Strasse.

Berlin wall City Tour :
Jean-Pierre Andreae offers you a city tour through different emblematic places of Berlin's division history. - Informationen & Buchung

Topography of Terror

Topography of Terror

On this ground lay the headquarters of central institutions of the nationals-socialist oppressive machinery. In the immediate neighbourhood of Hitler's New Chancellery the Gestapo, SD, SS and the Security Authority of the Reich were located between 1933 and 1945.
After the war, only a few ruins remained of the buildings, forgotten in the shadow of the wall. Much later, the foundations of the former prison were excavated, the basement cells where prisoners had been questioned and tortured now lying bare. In the 1980s, a photo and text exhibiton was planned in order to show the history of the place where "germanisation" and mass extermination were planned.
Just behind the "topography", lining Niederkirchnerstraße, there is a surviving segment of the Berlin wall.

Berlin Guide

Opening hours :
• Daily from 10am to 8pm

Prices : Free entrance

Address : Niederkirchnerstr. 8, 10963 Berlin

Web : www.topographie.de

Holocaust Memorial City Tour :
Order the guided tour "THE HISTORICAL BERLIN" A walk tour through 775 years of the city's history from Alexanderplatz to the Brandenburg Gate. - Information & Booking

Museums Island (UNESCO)

Museums Island

The towns of Berlin and Cölln, founded in early 13th century, lay on the northern river bank, around St. Nicholas Church, and on an island in the river Spree. Later the Hohenzollern electors built their residence on the island (destroyed in 1950 by the GDR authorities). In the proximities, representative buildings of the army (armoury) and the church (cathedral) were located. But in the 19th century, when the structures of society were changing, it occurred to the monarchs they should give their people opportunity to study the wonders of culture and nature. A museum was planned – as a present to the citizens.

The first museum on the Museums Island was the Old Museum, built in 1830 by Schinkel. Soon afterwards, the New Museum by Friedrich August Stüler was designed to house more of the great treasures, especially the collection of Egyptian antiqzes. In 1876, the National Gallery opened its gates, dedicated above all to German 19th century painting and sculpture. On the head of the island, the Bode Museum, named after its first curator, shows a miscellaneous sculpture exhibition and one of the biggest numismatic collections in Europe. It will reopen in October 2006. The last one in this ensemble of five museums was the Pergamon Museum, constructed between 1910 and 1930, probably the most famous one because of its spectacular exhibits: e.g. the Pergamon Altar and the Ishtar Gate from Babylon.

The history of the Museum Island entered a new phase when it was declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1999. According to a so-called Masterplan 2012 (opening 2020-2025), a new entrance building and an archaeological gallery connecting several museums will be added to the complex. The exhibition suface will be enhanced by including the ground floors, formerly used as storage depots. The New Museum that had not been rebuilt since the war is to reopen in 2009, after 60 years.

Berlin Guide

Restaurant :
Café-Restaurant in the Museum of German History - www.dhm.de - Daily from 10am to 6pm - Unter den Linden 2
Restaurant LEPOPULAIRE - www.koflerkompanie.com - Wednesday to Monday 9am to 11pm - Unter den Linden 5
Restaurant Mutter Hoppe - mutterhoppe.de - daily from 11:30am - Rathausstr. 21, 10178 Berlin

Museums :
"Neues Museum" - With Nefertiti, indispensable - Daily from 10am to 6pm, Thursday to 8pm - Entrance : from 12 €
Pergamon Museum - Daily from 10am to 6pm, Thursday to 8pm - Entrance : Ab 12 €.
Alte Nationalgalerie - Tuesday to Sunday from 10am to 6pm, Thursday to 8pm - Entrance : from 10 €
Bode Museum - Tuesday to Sunday from 10am to 6pm, Thursday to 8pm - Entrance : from 12 €
Museum für Völkerkunde - Humboldt Forum - In the "Reconstruction of the Berlin Palace" - from the beginning of 2020

The other information pages of LatLon-Berlin :
• We present 50 of the best museums Berlins
The Berlin Cultural Agenda for the year 2019 with practical tips according to focus topics
"Places to visit", the obligatory programme for your stay in Berlin
• All City guided tours with your guide Jean-Pierre Andreae
• A selection of the best Restaurants in Berlin & Hotels by city districts
Practical information for your stay in Berlin
Guide Jean-Pierre AndreaeNeues museum

Guided tour : WORLD HERITAGE MUSEUM ISLAND

Over the course of this approximately two-hour walk on Berlin’s Museum Island, which has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1999, I will explain to you how you can trace the different socio-political developments from the architecture of the individual buildings and indeed also the attitude of the respective rulers. The walk, therefore, looks at architecture as a mirror of social realities and change. The tour begins with an explanation of the reconstruction and intended use of the Berlin City Palace as the future Humboldt-Forum. There then follow two short talks as an aside – on columns (development since ancient Greek / Roman times, including the function of classical order attributed to them) and on the creation of the museum genre (the purpose of such establishments up to the present day). This provides the background to the tour’s main areas of emphasis outlined above. The main focus of the guided tour is then a walk passing the individual buildings in the order in which they were built to illustrate the architecture as a mirror of social realities and developments.

Here you can find all city tours of Jean-Pierre Andreae

Television Tower

Television tower

After some years of uncertainty about what would be the adequate monument to represent “the unity and the workforce of the people of the GDR” and the site where it should be constructed, the East Berlin authorities finally decided to erect this tower in the very centre of the city, as a symbol of progress and success of the socialist system. With a height of 368 m it is one if the tallest structures in Europe.

Since 1969, when it was opened, it has been visited by more than 43 million people wanting to admire the impressive view of both East and West Berlin from 203 m above the ground. There is a restaurant in the sphere which slowly revolves on its axis, a full turn taking 30 minutes.

Berlin Guide

Opening hours :
• Open from March to October from 9am to midnight
• November to February from 10am to midnight

Prices : 16,50 € / 9,50 € up to 16 years old / Ticket VIP 21,50 €

Address : Panoramastraße 1A, 10178 Berlin

Web : www.tv-turm.de

Holiday in Berlin sightseeing tour :
Jean-Pierre Andreae will be happy to organise an individual sightseeing tour for you from your hotel. - Information & Booking

Nikolai Quarter

Nikolai Quarter

The city’s oldest sacred building is located in the very heart of what used to be “ancient Berlin”. The quarter was reconstructed on the occasion of the 750 years anniversary celebrated in 1987. The base part of the church, made from fieldstones, dates from around 1230 and is the only example of late Romanesque style in Berlin. Another ancient feature is the Gothic choir dating back to 1380. Around 1480 the church was redesigned and made into a brick hall-church. During the Renaissance and the Baroque period further structures were added or altered. The top of the double spire is a Neo-Gothic feature added in 1876. The church, that had been severely damaged in the air raids of WWII, was rebuilt between 1981 and 1987.

Berlin Guide

Opening (church / museum):
• Daily from 10am to 6pm

Tips & Tricks : Visit also the Ephraim Palace und the Knoblauch house (About the Biedermeier period, free entrance)

Prices : Ab 6 € / reduced 4 € - 1. Wednesday per month free

Address : Nikolaikirchplatz, 10178 Berlin

Web : www.stadtmuseum.de

Jean-Pierre Andreae Guide City Tour :
Order the guided tour "THE HISTORICAL BERLIN" A walk tour through 775 years of the city's history from Alexanderplatz to the Brandenburg Gate. - Information & Booking

Humboldt Forum (Berlin City Palace)

Humboldt Forum Palace

The Berlin City Palace, which had been built and extended between 1443 and 1850, was the residence of the Hohenzollern, initially the Electors, later the Kings of Prussia and the German Emperors. With a length of 192 metres and 1210 rooms, it was undoubtedly the most imposing building in the city. Its special feature lay in the combination of different architectural styles, because over the centuries many renowned architects of Prussia were involved in its development.

The Palace of the Republic was built on the site of the old royal palace of Berlin. The palace had been damaged in WW II and was torn down in 1950, although a reconstruction would have been possible. It was a political decision to demolish the symbol of Prussian monarchy, as the GDR was craving for a different image. Still, it was not replaced by a building for the “people” until over 20 years later.

After a long public and political debate, the government took the final decision to rebuild the castle. The Humboldt-Forum is used as a new ethnological museum (formerly the Dahlem Museum) with its facades redesigned according to the model of the old palace complex and presents an important collection. In addition there is the historical library of the Humboldt University and an exhibition of the city of Berlin. We will keep you up to date. The opening is planned for the beginning of 2020. Photo: © SHF / Architekt: Franco Stella mit FS HUF PG

Karl Friedrich SCHINKEL

Schinkel Berlin

As we want to introduce you to Berlin’s most beautiful monuments, we must not forget one person who decisively marked the architectural development of the city. Karl-Friedrich Schinkel (1781-1841) is by far the best-known German architect, even outside his home-country. He did not only create new styles, but set up a whole movement in the first decades of the 19th century, a period even referred to in German as Schinkelzeit.

His masterpieces in Berlin are the Theatre (today concert hall) on Gendarmenmarkt, the Old Museum, the Friedrichswerder Church (see picture) and the Neue Wache (Royal Guardhouse). Schinkel was a man of many talents: Among his works are also oil paintings representing romantic landscapes and sky-scratching cathedrals, to be seen in the Old National Gallery, as well as interior designs and stage sets for the opera Unter den Linden (one he did for Mozart’s “Magical Flute” is actually still in use).

Guided tour of Berlin

"Berlin, city of architecture and urban planning"
This tour for enthusiasts is dedicated to Architecture and Urban Planning. Berlin, through its history, having experienced different major stages of development over the past 150 years, is a perfect city to discover the latest developments in the field.

We will introduce you to Karl Friedrich Schinkel of course, but also to all the other urban periods in Berlin and visit the Berlin City Models Centre.

Information : "City guided tours" at Jean-Pierre Andreae.

Armoury / German Historical Museum

Arsenal DHM Zeughaus

The Zeughaus, the former armoury, was the first building on the avenue Unter den Linden and is still one of its main showpieces. It was built between 1696 and 1705, under the reign of the Elector Frederick III who crowned himself king Frederick I “in Prussia”. Various architects contributed to this beautiful Baroque structure: Arnold Nehring, Martin Grünberg, the Huguenot Jean de Bodt and Andreas Schlüter. The rich sculptural ornaments show empty helmets on the outer façade and the famous masks of dying warriors (work of Schlüter) on the inner façades around the central courtyard. The pediment is dedicated to Frederick I.

Today, the Arsenal, together with an extension built by the Chinese-American architect Ieoh Ming Pei, is home to the German History Museum.

Berlin Guide

Opening hours :
• Daily from 10am to 6pm

Tips & Tricks :
• Cosy café-restaurant in the museum for your lunch break
• Without visiting the museum, you can cross it for free and admire the architecture of the two contrasting buildings

Prices : 8 € / reduced 4 €

Address : Unter den Linden 2, 10117 Berlin

Web : www.dhm.de

Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtnis-Church / City West

Memorial Church

The ruin of the Memorial Church is one of the best-known landmarks of Berlin, keeping alive the memory of the devastating consequences of WW II. Originally, it was built in commemoration of the first Kaiser, Wilhelm I, and his victory at Sedan over Napoleon III.

The church lies on famous “Ku’damm”, main shopping mile in the Western part of Berlin and, until 1989, the show-case of capitalism in the divided city. The street itself became a 53 m wide boulevard in the 1880s when Chancellor Bismarck had the idea of giving Charlottenburg a Paris-like touch, which also accounts for the huge Neo-Romanesque cathedral constructed by Franz Schwechten from 1890 to 1895. What remains of the church is the ruined spire called affectionately “Hollow Tooth” by Berliners. In the rump of the church, now there is a memorial hall. The only surviving original decoration is a splendid mosaic frieze relating glorious deeds of the House of Hohenzollern who ruled in Berlin for almost 500 years.

After long discussions in the 1950s, finally the decision was taken to maintain the ruin and incorporate it in a project of modern architecture. In 1961, Egon Eiermann built a new church, with a nave of octagonal shape and a separate hexagonal tower of 53 m height.

Berlin Guide

Restaurant :
Restaurant NENI & Monkey Bar - www.neniberlin.de - ab 12h(30) - Reservation online - Budapester Straße 40
Restaurant & Shop "Super" - www.super-space.de - Monday-Friday from 12am & Weekend from 10am - Budapester Straße 50
Café im Literaturhaus - www.literaturhaus-berlin.de - Daily from 9am to 12pm - Fasanenstr. 23

Museum :
Museum of Photography - Tuesday to Sunday From 11am to 7pm, Thursday to 8pm - Entrance : 10 € - Jebenstr. 2, 10623 Berlin
Museum Käthe Kollwitz - Daily from 11am to 6pm - Entrance : 7 € - Fasanenstr- 24, 10719 Berlin
Zoological Garden - von 9am to 15:30-18:30pm depending on month - Entrance : from 15,50 € - Hardenbergplatz 8, 10787 Berlin

But also the But also the department store KaDeWe KaDeWe - At least from 10am to 8pm from Monday to Saturday - Tauentzienstraße 21-24, 10789 Berlin
Christmas shop Käthe Wohlfahrt - All year round, on weekdays from 10am to 7pm - Kurfürstendamm 225, 10719 Berlin

Holiday in Berlin sightseeing tour :
Jean-Pierre Andreae will be happy to organise an individual sightseeing tour for you from your hotel.
- Information & Booking

Gendarmenmarkt Square

Gendarmenmarkt

When the Thirty Years’ War was over, the land of Brandenburg as well as Berlin were ravaged and deserted. The Great Elector and, from 1688, Frederick III did their best to reinforce their country’s political and military position. In order to build up its economy a productive people was needed. For that reason the Electors facilitated immigration, inviting protestant refugees from all over Europe to come to Brandenburg. Also Jewish families, who had been driven out of Vienna, were allowed to settle.

The biggest group of immigrants were the Huguenots: French Calvinists forced to leave their home country when Louis XIV revoked the Edict of Nantes which had granted them religious freedom. Besides their faith and their language they brought with them an outstanding technical know-how that contributed considerably to the flourishing of the Electors’ residence. In the early 18th century, under the reign of Frederick I who had just become king, new quarters had to be build outside the fortification walls. One of them was Friedrichstadt, located around this rectangular market square which preserves its name from the time when a soldiers regiment called Gens d’Armes had their stables there. On one side of Gendarmenmarkt, the German parish had their church built, the Deutscher Dom; on the other side the French built theirs, called französischer Dom today. The centre between the two churches is dominated by the Neo-Classical theatre constructed by Schinkel.

Berlin Guide

Kultur/ To visit :
Konzerthaus - www.konzerthaus.de
Huguenot Museum - www.hugenottenmuseum-berlin.de
Parliamentary Historical Exhibition of the German Bundestag
Schokoladenhaus - www.rausch.de

Alexanderplatz / Karl Marx Allee

Alexanderplatz Berlin

In the first years after WW II, in a joint effort numerous plans for Berlin's reconstruction were made and discussed, with famous architects like Le Corbusier taking part in the planning. But, as we all know, the growing tensions between Russians and Western Allies finally led to the founding of two German states thus putting an end to town-planning on an all-Berlin scale.

The different visions became manifest shortly afterwards, when the GDR put forth its first big construction project in 1951, a monumental boulevard then called Stalinallee in honour of the Soviet dictator. In several phases and decades, huge structures of apartment blocks altering with social and cultural institutions were erected along a wide axis leading towards Alexanderplatz. The older section definitely reminds of Moscow’s ostentatious Neo-Classical architecture of the Stalin era. There are some fine details to be discovered on the buildings and the ensemble is really impressing.

Berlin Guide

Culture:
Karl-Marx-Allee on Wikipedia
Computer Game Museum - Every day from 10am to 8pm
Kino international
Stickers Museum "Hatch" - From Thursday to Saturday from 12am bis 4pm - Schreinerstr. 10, 10247 Berlin

Potsdamer Platz

Potsdamer Platz

This place has gone through very different phases: Until 1939, it was Berlin’s central traffic hub and a centre of economic life. After most of its buildings had been destroyed in the war, it became no man’s land between the sectors, by the wall (principal and secondary).

After Berlin had been reunited, it regained importance once again. On this historic site, an entirely new quarter of very modern buildings was created. Besides a popular shopping mall, there is a big offer of entertainment like cinemas and musical. The Sony Center is an impressing example of future-oriented design housing the headquarters of Sony Europe and Deutsche Bahn (German railway) as well as a Film Museum.

Berlin Guide

Restaurant :
Brauerei Lindenbräu - www.bier-genuss.berlin - Sony Center - Bellevuestr. 3, 10785 Berlin
Restaurant FACIL - www.facil.de - At Hotel The Mandala - Potsdamer Str. 3, 10785 Berlin

Museum :
Museum for Film and Television - Deutsche Kinemathek - www.deutsche-kinemathek.de - Sony Center - Tuesday to Sunday from 10am to 6pm
DAIMLER Art Collection - art.daimler.com - Alte Potsdamer Str. 5, 10785 Berlin - Daily from 11am to 6pm
Panorama Punkt - Great view of Berlin and Café - panoramapunkt.de - from 10am to 6pm (20h Summer) - 7,50 €/ 17,50 € für Family
Kulturforum - Several museums, including the Old Master Gallery - www.smb.museum
Legoland - www.legolanddiscoverycentre.de
All Berlin Museums with LatLon-Europe

Holocaust Memorial City Tour :
"THE CENTRAL CORRIDORS OF POWER IN THE BERLIN REPUBLIC" ilhelmstrasse via the ‘Band des Bundes’ government strip to the Reichstag building. The government district from its beginnings in the middle of the 19th century to the era of German division and on to the present day. A potted history of around 150 years of Prussia and Germany – past and present. - Information &Booking

Government Quarter

Holocauste Mahnmal

Berlin always remained German capita, although Bonn had been goverment seat of the Federal Republic of Germany since it was founded in 1949. s founding. Only in 1991, the German parliament decided that the goverment institutions should move from Bonn to Berlin - with a slim majority. This conclusion involved a huge public investment and thorough planning, as numerous new administrative and parliamentary buiildings had to be created. Several major construction projects were put into reality in the nineties. On the other hand, a lot of old building were renovated or even rebuilt in order to adapt them to the requirements of a new use. Today, over 20,000 people work in the facilities of the new government district. But also visitors should take the opportunity to get an insight into the surroundings of German parliamentary life and visit the Band of Federal Buildings, composed by the Fereal Chancellery, the Paul-Löbe and the Marie-Elisabeth-Lüders building and, off course the Reichstag building.

Berlin Guide

Kanzleramt: www.bundesregierung.de

Reichstag: www.bundestag.de

Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe:
www.stiftung-denkmal.de

New Guardhouse

New Guardhouse berlin

The New Guardhouseby Käthe Kollwitz The New Guardhouse is probably one of the finest arquitectural designs by the famous Berlin architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel. It was built in 1818, in commemoration of Naploleon's defeat and the liberation of Berlin. Later it became memorial of other warsand was completely redesigned in 1931. In GDR-times it was transformed into a memorial for the the victims of fashism and militarism and also the changing of the guards took place here.
Today it is the Federal Republic of Germany's "Central Memorial for the Victims of War and Tyranny". Inside the almost empty room is an enlarged replica of a sculpture: "Mother and Dead Son" by Käthe Kollwitz, a famous German artist who lost a 19-year-old son in WW I.

Berlin Guide

Opening hours : Daily from 10am to 6pm

German Historical Museum: www.dhm.de

Address : Unter den Linden 4, 10117 Berlin

Jean-Pierre Andreae Guide City Tour :
Order the guided tour "THE HISTORICAL BERLIN" A walk tour through 775 years of the city's history from Alexanderplatz to the Brandenburg Gate. - Information & Booking

Prenzlauer Berg

Prenzlauer Berg

We absolutely recommend paying a visit to this quarter, which became a symbol of Berlin’s rebirth in the 90s when young people settled in the derelict tenements. A true cosmopolitan spirit reigns in the restaurants in front of the water tower and around Kollwitzplatz, a square that is crammed with young parents twice a week during the organic food market, since gentrification took hold of the neighbourhood. Hungry for culture and adventure, a mixed crowd sets out to discover the buzzing street life, strolling along Kastanienallee and Oderberger Straße, hanging around the funky shops and pavement cafés. There are quaint places to be discovered, like Kulturbrauerei that unites cinemas, bars, theatres and a concert hall in a splendidly restored nineteenth-century brick complex which used to be a brewery.
The “Cultural Brewery", a huge brick complex with neo-Romanesqe details, is the heart of this area. Founded in 1842, the brewery during many decades bore the name of “Schultheiss”, gaining the European export leadership in early 20 th century. The refurbishment of the early industrial structure was carried out with great care and respect, thus conserving the authentic charm of the site. Today it houses numerous cultural institutions (cinemas, theatres, concert halls) as well as a “beer garden”, bars and clubs, like the Frannz Club that took up a tradition dating from GDR times.
We also recommend you to visit the Sunday flea market in the Mauerpark next to Oderbergerstr., a street with many shops and restaurants with beautiful terraces.

Berlin Guide

Restaurant :
Konnopke's Imbiß - The world famous Curry Sausage - www.konnopke-imbiss.de - U2 Eberswalderstr - Schönhauser Allee 44b
Restaurant Pasternak - www.restaurant-pasternak.de - Knaackstr. 22, 10405 Berlin
Restaurant Masel Topf - www.restaurant-maseltopf.de - Rykestr. 2, 10405 Berlin
Restaurant Oderberger - restaurant-oderberger.berlin/ - Oderberger Str. 57, 10435 Berlin

Museum :
Museum "Daily life in the GDR" Dedicated to the history of the GDR. www.hdg.de/museum-in-der-kulturbrauerei
Free entrance - kulturbrauerei (Culture brewery) - Tuesday to Sunday from 10am to 6pm - Thursday to 8pm

Mauerpark City Tour
The PRENZLAUER BERG - From the prototype of living conditions unfit for humans via hip and trendy district to gentrified oasis of prosperity. The meteoric career of a legendary area. - Information & Booking

Victory Column

Victory Column

This column or tower called “Siegessäule” in German, work of the architect Heinrich Strack, was built between 1865 and 1873, in order to commemorate the triumph of Prussia’s military success in the wars against Denmark in 1864 and Austria in 1866. When it was almost finished, another bas-relief was added on occasion of the victory over France in 1871. The statue on top representing the victory goddess was created by Friedrich Drake. Originally, it was erected on the square in front of the Reichstag and only moved in 1938 when Hitler’s architect Albert Speer took the first steps of what should have been Berlin’s transformation into a mega-capital called “Germania”. One of the buildings of his project, the “big hall of the people”, was planned to be 320 m tall (compare: Victory Column 53m). On its new location in the centre of the Tiergarten the column was completed by four Neo-Classical temples and additional cylinder on its base. The cannons of its outside decoration are real ones taken from the Napoleons troops during the Liberation Wars. In 1945, some bas-reliefs were removed from the plinth by the French, but returned to Berlin for the 750-years-anniversary celebrated in 1987.

Berlin Guide

Opening hours :
9:30am to 18:30pm & Saturday/Sun. 9:30am to 7pm
November to March 9:30am to 17:30pm

Prices : 3 €

Address : Großer Stern 1, 10557 Berlin

Telefon : +49 (0)30 391 29 61

Kreuzberg & Neuköln

Kreuzberg Neuköln

Kreuzberg, formerly part of the West, is a quarter well known for its great variety. It is the Turkish quarter as well as quarter of artists and squatters, and in the last 20 years it has become an in-place with still increasing attractiveness. Visiting Kreuzberg you see the true Berlin of Berliners. Among the well known spots to see (and there are many), we recommend to visit the Jewish Museum, the avenue Mehringdamm, the Bergmannstraße, the Victoria-Park, the complete stretch of the canal “Landwehrkanal” with his port and the Oranienstraße. The map below might help to get orientated and to plan a nice walk around the quarter. A last comment on Neukölln, this quarter is actually developing to become the new “Kreuzberg”, the way we knew it 20 years ago. Therefore it is a good idea to get some impressions of Neukölln, too.

Berlin Guide

Some good locations :
Markt Halle Neun - Old market hall
  Eisenbahnstr. 42/42 - 10997 Berlin-Kreuzberg

Turkish market in Kreuzberg - Tuesday & Friday 10am-6pm
  Maybachufer, 12047 Berlin

Victoirapark - Great park with artificial torrent - U6 "Luftbrücke"

Visit the airport Tempelhof - A place steeped in history (built under Hitler and known for the Airlift)

• We give you some good addresses of Restaurants and Hotels on our LatLon pages.